The Federal Government on Thursday announced that its efforts at scaling down the prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection in Nigeria has started paying-off, as the infectious rate dropped significantly to 1.4 percent in 2018 as against the 3.0 percent it was, as at 2014.
According to statistics released by the Federal Ministry of Health, about 1.9 million citizens are currently infected.
This new data is contained in the report of the 2018 Nigeria HIV/AIDS Indicator and Impact Survey NAIIS, recently carried out by the Ministry of Health in conjunction with other development partners within the sector.
Excited by the development, President Muhammadu Buhari launched the report, where he noted that the survey represented the largest investigation on HIV/AIDS globally.
He said the report was an indication that the end of HIV scourge as a public health threat in Nigeria by 2030 was in sight.
Further analysis of the survey indicated that HIV prevalence, defined at the percentage of PLHIV in the Nigerian population, among adults age 15-49 years stood at 1.4percent(1.9percent among females and 0.9 percent among males).
The survey also indicated that HIV prevalence among children age 0-4 years stood at 0.2percent, while prevalence rate was highest among females age 35-39 years at 3.3percent and the highest prevalence among males age 50-54 years at 2.3percent.
The impact survey which was partly facilitated by the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), also indicated that the South-South zone has the highest HIV prevalence rate, while the North-West zone recorded the lowest.
“The HIV prevalence gender disparity between females and males was greatest among younger adults, with females age 20-24 years having 4 times the prevalence of males in the same age group, the new prevalence gives an estimate that there are 1.9million people living with HIV in Nigeria.
“At the national level, viral suppression among people living with HIV aged 15 to 49 years old with access to treatment stands at 42.3percent(45.3percent among women and 34.5percent among men),”the report indicated.